Culture, Innovation and Entrepreneurship: connecting the knowledge dots Bari, Italy | 10-12 June 2015

header10th International Forum on Knowledge Asset Dynamics
IFKAD 2015
Culture, Innovation and Entrepreneurship: connecting the knowledge dots
Bari, Italy | 10-12 June 2015

IFKAD Special Track
Why bother about culture in SMEs and micro firms? Innovation, culture and entrepreneurial dynamics in regional development

Organizers:
Manuel Fernández-Esquinas | Institute for Advanced Social Studies, Spain
Madelon van Oostrom | Tenerife Science and Technology Park, Spain
Hugo Pinto | University of Coimbra, Portugal

Description: Culture is considered an important asset for firm innovation. Values, rules, norms, and cognitive frameworks may shape the disposition and the ability of firms to introduce new products and services in the market, as well as the use of innovative organizational arrangements and marketing strategies in order to compete in the global economy. Cultural dimensions are also becoming essential components of regional and local innovation systems. Sometimes cultural traits function as an asset since they may prompt creativity and learning, and help to translate knowledge into organizational capacities. In some other contexts culture may be a barrier for innovation, especially when dominant values and institutions do not help to develop new ideas, build useful networks, and explore alternative activities. In particular, cultural dynamics affect specially innovation in Small and Medium-Sized Firms (SME) and micro firms employing a small group of workers that are common in many regional contexts. SMEs are specially rooted in the territory. The dominant culture in the surrounding environment may influence the possibilities of firms to innovate when they try to use the cultural scripts available in the territory to ground their innovative activities. The predominant rules and norms in a regional innovation system, sometimes legitimized as institutions, are also a conditioning factor for firm innovation. In the micro level, inner cultural dynamics of firms may be especially influential in their innovation performance. Since SMEs do not have complex organizational arrangements and lack corporate cultures, the values and norms shared by entrepreneurs and workers are closely intertwined with their disposition to innovate. SMEs and micro firms are relevant actors in many regional and local contexts. Nevertheless, there are still important gaps in understanding the innovation processes in these firms in relation to culture. There are difficulties for grasping the different meanings of culture and its connections to firm innovation in the specific case of SMEs, and also for developing systemic observations to study the relationships between innovation and the broader cultural dynamics. This track session will put together theoretical discussions, empirical research and theoretically informed case studies on the different aspects of culture and innovation in SMEs, with a special attention to the dynamics in micro firms, and from the perspective of regional and local development. The goal of the session is directed to obtain state-of-the-art contributions in order to inform management and policy making related to the promotion of innovation, especially in regional and local environments where SMEs are predominant in the industrial tissue.

The track session will welcome proposals on the following sub-themes, and other topics related to innovation and culture in SMEs and micro firms:
1. The meanings of culture and innovation in SMEs and micro firms (conceptual discussion on values, rules, norms, and institutions, and its relationship with innovation)
2. Methodological approaches adapted to SMEs and micro firms: how to measure culture and innovation. Qualitative methodologies
3. The influence of firm’s cultural traits in the innovation performance of SMEs and micro firms
4. Culture and entrepreneurship in SMEs and micro firms The influence of regional and local cultures on innovation processes. Regional and local institutions, industrial cultures, learning practices…
5. Management strategies. Aligning cultural assets: how to develop a strong innovation culture in SMEs and micro firms
6. Policy strategies. Reinforcing innovation capacities through cultural value setting: from the region to the firm

Keywords: Culture of innovation; regional innovation systems; SMEs; micro firms; entrepreneurship; regional development; sociology of innovation; knowledge regions; learning regions; innovation policy

Guidelines:

Researchers wishing to contribute are invited to submit an extended abstract (in Word format) of 1000-1500 words by January 25, 2015. The abstract should address theoretical background, research objective, methodology, and results in terms of expected contribution to Knowledge Management theory and practice. Authors are encouraged to follow the guidelines for both extended abstracts as well as full papers that will be made available on IFKAD site.

Deadlines
• 25 January 2015 – Abstracts Submission Deadline
• 28 February 2015 – Acceptance notification to authors
• 25 March 2015 – Early-Bird registration deadline
• 20 April 2015 – Full paper submission deadline
• 20 May 2015 – Registration deadline
• 10-12 June 2015 – Conference sessions

References:

Cooke, P., & Rehfeld, D. (2011). Path Dependence and New Paths in Regional Evolution: In Search of the Role of Culture. European Planning Studies, 19(11), 1909–1929. doi:10.1080/09654313.2011.618685

Hofstede, G. (1980). Culture’s Consequences: International Differences in Work-Related Values. Beverly Hills CA: Sage Publications.

Hofstede, G. (2011). Dimensionalizing Cultures : The Hofstede Model in Context, 2, 1–26. Retrieved from http://scholarworks.gvsu.edu/orpc/vol2/iss1/8/

Hogan, S. J., & Coote, L. V. (2014). Organizational culture, innovation, and performance: A test of Schein’s model. Journal of Business Research, 67(8), 1609–1621. doi:10.1016/j.jbusres.2013.09.007

James, A. (2005). Demystifying the role of culture in innovative regional economies. Regional Studies, 39(9), 1197–1216. doi:10.1080/00343400500389968

Mueller, S. L., & Thomas, A. S. (2001). CULTURE AND ENTREPRENEURIAL POTENTIAL : A NINE COUNTRY STUDY OF LOCUS OF CONTROL AND INNOVATIVENESS. Journal of Business Venturing, 9026(99), 51–75.

Phillips, M., & Sackmann, S. (2002). Managing in an Era of Multiple Cultures. Graziadio Business Review, 5(4). Retrieved from http://gbr.pepperdine.edu/2010/08/managing-in-an-era-of-multiple-cultures/

Prud’homme van Reine, P., & Dankbaar, B. (2011). A Virtuous Circle? Co-evolution of Regional and Corporate Cultures. European Planning Studies, 19(11), 1865–1883. doi:10.1080/09654313.2011.618684

Ruef, M. (2002). Strong ties, weak ties and islands: structural and cultural predictors of organizational innovation. Industrial and Corporate Change, 11(3), 427–449. doi:10.1093/icc/11.3.427

Saxenian, A. (1994). Regional advantage: Culture and competition in Silicon Valley and Route 128. Harvard University Press.

Trippl, M., & Toedtling, F. (2008). REGIONAL INNOVATION CULTURES (p. paper presented on the DRUID workshop on ENTREPREN).

Zelizer, V. (2010). Economic Lives: How Culture Shapes the Economy (p. 494). Princeton University Press. For further information For further information about this special track, please contact: Manuel Fernández-Esquinas mfernandez@iesa.csic.es

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